Laser Endodontic debridement and canal disinfecti
Figure 1: Anatomy of the canal system demonstrating accessory canals, fins and lateral canals which are not accessible with endodontic files as shown in cleared teeth.
Figure 2: SEM showing bacteria and pulpal debris in the apical 1/3 that was not able to be removed fully using standard irrigation protocol. (Courtesy Prof. Georgi Tomov, Plodiv, Bulgaria)
Figure 3: SEM showing complete removal of bacteria and pulpal tissue in the apical 1/3 after irrigation using the LT-IPI™ protocol. (Courtesy Prof. Georgi Tomov, Plodiv, Bulgaria)
Figure 4: LiteTouch™ Induced Photomechanical Irrigation protocol (LT-IPI™): Establishment of glide path with hand files (A), Canal and chamber filled with NaOCL (B) and Placement of the LiteTouch™ tip into the irrigant in the cham
Figure 5: Accessory anatomy evident in the apical that has been filled with sealer accessible due to use of the LiteTouch™ Er:YAG laser. (Photo courtesy of Dr. David Guex, Lyon, France)
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